Bettie’s List is a phrase I credit as a creation of Dr. Jesse Schreier; in his dissertation “Different Shades of Freedom: Indians, African Americans and Race in the Choctaw Nation.”
The basis of Bettie’s List is the approximately two thousand men, women and children who sought to be classified as Choctaw or Chickasaw “Citizens by Blood” when the Dawes Commission began the process of creating the rolls that would determine whether someone was an Indian of either nation.
It was also the measurement by which an individual would receive the equivalent of three hundred and twenty acres of land as an Indian or forty acres if that individual was determined to be a “freedman;” the descendant of a former slave.
There has not been a great deal of scholarship on this subject among the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations and yet, the events that occurred in 1898-1907 that saw thousands of people who had at least one ancestor considered to be an “Indian.” Today the reason descendants of these African-Native Americans are not citizens of the Choctaw or Chickasaw Nation is based solely on the construction that if your mother was a slave or of African descent, than the child would be considered of African descent ONLY!
To read more about Bettie's List and Equity Case 7071; I will be posting additional commentary and documentation at: