Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Laws; Customs and Usages..."See Things As They Are"


Recently I had an interest in looking up people on the Choctaw by Blood roll who had a black, Negro, colored or freedmen parent or ancestor. I hope to go into the reason why in subsequent post but I must say the exercise was very enlightening!

One of the names that came up in my search was CARNEY; and like practically everyone of the names I discovered there was one reason why it was easily recognized because of the way the Dawes Commission identified people for the rolls.

Jincy BASCOMB nee CARNEY Choctaw by Blood#5465

When I began this project I was not prepared for the amount of information I discovered and I'm still collecting and processing the people and information regarding them.

Frankly I should have known better! I've detected a multi-layered relationship between the so called blood Indians and freedmen because of my research on the issue of "mixed" African-Native Americans from the freedmen perspective. The relationships are just as complex when a "blood" citizen has a documented relationship that was "legally" sanctioned by the tribe and the Dawes Commission.

As you can readily see from Jincy's card there are more people, cards and information to collect just to conduct some serious genealogy on the family of CARNEY. One of the best things (depending on how you look at it) about this particular family is the father of the CARNEY children Wallace CARNEY was still alive and enrolled as a Choctaw Freedman.  Since Wallace CARNEY was still alive I had to look at his card and see what information was on it.

Before I could do that I still needed to take a look at all of the clues indicated on card# 5465. At the bottom left of the card are three notations indicating there were new born and minors with cards that had to be added to the information for this family. As it stands at this point the two surnames I have are CARNEY and BASCOMB. In addition I have Choctaw by Blood New Born cards #1289, #1353; Choctaw by Blood Minor card# 341 along with the card for Charles BASCOMB #3730. Finally I will have to take a look at Choctaw Freedman Card# 786 for the children and grandfather of the individuals on card# 5465, Wallace CARNEY.

Choctaw by Blood Minor card# 341



Choctaw by Blood New Born #1353


Choctaw by Blood New Born cards #1289


Charles BASCOMB #3730
As they say, be careful of what you ask for! I soon discovered just how true that cliche is when I took a look at the information for Wallace CARNEY Sr. Choctaw Freedman# 786...

Choctaw Freedman Card# 786 (front) Wallace CARNEY



Choctaw Freedman Card# 786 (rear) Wallace CARNEY


The Dawes card for Wallace CARNEY was full of surprises. The first was him being listed as deceased but not before he established a card with his mother Milly CARNEY and someone by the name of Judy SEXTON who was listed as his cousin!!!

The information on Wallace's card indicates there are at least three more sources of information that requires attention. Not only that but his cousin Judy SEXTON was eventually removed from the freedman roll and enrolled as a Choctaw by blood on card# 4853.


Judy POPE Choctaw by Blood#4853



Judy POPE illustrates a very interesting aspect of Indian Territory research. At some point she is perceived as a freedman, she is even asked by a commissioner which category she would like to enroll; as a "freedman" or as a "citizen by blood." The other interesting aspect of the interview was the fact Judy needed an interpreter to conduct her interview!

M1301 Judy POPE Choctaw by Blood#4853



Wallace CARNEY is like the gift that keeps on giving. When you look at his card further you discover he has another family and another child in the Creek Nation!!!

Creek by blood Amey CONNER# 2825


In the Creek Nation Wallace CARNEY is said to be married to Amey CONNER he is also attributed with at least two children who are also listed as Creek by blood.
Creek by blood Lizzie KARNEY#2879

Creek by blood Wallace CARNEY Jr. # 3644

Indian Territory became an interesting experiment in the concept of what is "race." Contrary to science, the Constitution and genealogy the Dawes Commission and Congress developed a scheme to separate families based on the antebellum idea that a "child follows the status of their mother."

They ignored the rationale that a person is the product of two parents; containing the DNA (blood) of both to determine whether they were "Indian."

I imagine it could be argued, if you believe the 13th Amendment abolished slavery and the "badges of slavery" the tribes continue to violate the Constitution today?

This practice was clearly stated as the basis for denying the children of Indian men and women of "African descent" consideration as being an Indian when the Dawes Commission enrolled these individuals as "Freedmen."

Senate Report 5013 (59-2) pt 2 pg 1541

Our challenge today is to "See Things As They Are" and challenge their validity!
Senate Document 298 59th Congress 2nd Session p1a


Senate Document 298 59th Congress 2nd Session p1b


Senate Document 298 59th Congress 2nd Session p2a
Senate Document 298 59th Congress 2nd Session p2b

1 comment:

  1. Wow this was very interesting ...I was looking up my family line (Bascomb) and I came across this...my great or great great grandpa name...Charles Bascomb...I like to have my blood trace...

    ReplyDelete