Thursday, February 10, 2011

Black (Indian) History Month "Caesar BRUNER"

Caesar Bruner comes from what historian Kevin Mulroy calls “Seminole maroons.” Bruner is purported to have been born around 1828 in Florida and was part of the Seminole migration that eventually settled in Indian Territory.

The Bruner’s were a successful and wealthy livestock owning family within the Seminole Nation. One of Caesar’s relatives, Ben Bruner became the leader of the Jim Lane band of the Seminole tribe following the Civil War which later became known as the Bruner Band and subsequently Caesar Bruner became the band leader as he came to be the most known and respected of the Seminole leaders. To this day the Caesar Bruner Band exists in the Seminole Nation.

Caesar Bruner was among the many Seminole’s who were considered Loyalist and some enlisted in the Union Army. The Loyal Seminoles presented claims to the United States following the war for lost property and this is one of the reasons the Bruner’s maintained their wealth following the Civil War.

During the Civil War Freedmen in the Seminole Nation became an integral part of the nation and held positions as blacksmiths, religious leaders, interpreters, store owners, guides, politicians and many other important positions of responsibilities as citizens in their nation. Caesar Bruner was no exception. He was a store clerk, interpreter and religious leader. He also attended council meetings as a leading man within his nation.

The Caesar Bruner Band as were all freedmen within the Seminole Nation, were given “equal rights” in the nation following the War of Rebellion through Reconstruction and up to Oklahoma statehood. As a political entity within the Seminole Nation the Caesar Bruner Band and the Dosar Barkus Band maintained their role in representing their freedmen constituency within the Seminole Nation.

One of the critical decisions Caesar Bruner had to make during Reconstruction was the relocation of the people who lived in the Bruner Town settlement near Salt Creek to establish it at Turkey Creek. As stated earlier the Bruner’s engaged in raising livestock and the encroachment of nearby cattle rustler’s was the main cause of the relocation.

Around 1879 when Caesar Bruner moved his band to Turkey Creek he also assumed leadership of the Jim Lane Band and the band began to bear his name. As statehood approached in 1906, Caesar’s son Ucum Bruner replaced him as leader but the band retained the name and to this day it remains the Caesar Bruner Band of Seminole Indians.

Source: The Seminole Freedmen by Kevin Mulroy


  1. "Much Love and Much Respect" To "The Black & Red
    Journal" and Terry for posting this article about: "Papa" Caesar he was my great-grandfather.It is said that he had 19 children .
    The Claims List of: Loyal Seminoles shows the names of those Indians and Maroons who lost everything when they fled to Kansas. They became the first Blacks and Indians to fight
    Confederate forces during their flight. The John Brown/Jim Lane Band/John Chupco Bands during the Civil War helped form the: First Indian Home Guard, a Tri-racial unit of :Red,
    Black & White Union Army Troops.Caesar Bruner
    and my Creek Maroon G-G-grandfather;Pickett Rentie were Staff Interpreters. Phil Wilkes
    Fixico, Member of the L.A.Chapter of the Buffalo Soldiers, 9th & !0th (Horse) Cavalry
    and Seminole Maroon Descendant/Creek & Cherokee Freedmen Descendant

    1. hello I'm very interested speaking wit you in reguards to Caesar he is my G_G G grand father I am trying to get on the roll can you contact me at

  2. Greetings Tori, you begin your quest for enrollment in the Seminole nation by following the instruction provided on the nations website. Here is the link and when you scroll down you will see the information required for "freedmen" descendants to apply.