Sunday, October 30, 2011

This Week in Indian Territory October 30-November 5



"This Week In Indian Territory" is constructed from a collection of newspaper indexes housed at the Oklahoma Historical Society. The index represents the life and times of Indian Territory Freedmen following their "emancipation" in 1866, through "reconstruction," through the Dawes enrollment period and a few short years following Oklahoma statehood.


“This Week In Indian Territory” provides a snapshot into the life of the Freedmen of the Five Slave Holding Tribes also known as the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole Nations.


My intent is to provide readers and researchers more insight into the politics, culture and general life experienced by the formerly enslaved men, women and children of Indian Territory as they fought their way through the maze of issues that would shape their destiny and the destiny of their descendants today.


“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma?
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” 


Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”

November 01, 1895
Perry, Okla., negroes threaten to arrest the Board of Education for not admitting colored children to the white school.


November 01, 1902
Attorneys for the Cherokee Nation make their report on freedmen cases. Report given.


November 03, 1875
Choctaw and Chickasaw Commissioners failed to agree as to the disposition of the Negro question.


November 02, 1890
At Oklahoma City hundreds of able bodied negroes apply for supplies, which there are posted appeals for cotton pickers, at $1.00 per hundred.


November 05, 1898
In his report to Congress, Indian Agent Dew Moore Wisdom says he fears (an influx of Negroes are coming) (sic) into the territory hoping to share in the Cherokee allotment with the freedmen.


November 05, 1939
Anyone who thinks Oklahoma City doesn’t have a Negro housing problem should spend a few hours down in the squalid triangle east of the Katy Railroad tracks. It is a slum district in worst sense of the word. These slums are civic sores which endanger the entire city. Some of the basic facts that underlie the Negro housing problem. Pictures of Negro housing facilities. Charles Bowes photographer.

Sunday, October 23, 2011

This Week in Indian Territory October 23-29




“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma

It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” 



Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era” 



"This Week In Indian Territory" is constructed from a collection of newspaper indexes housed at the Oklahoma Historical Society. The index represents the life and times of Indian Territory Freedmen following their "emancipation" in 1866, through "reconstruction," through the Dawes enrollment period and a few short years following Oklahoma statehood.


“This Week In Indian Territory” provides a snapshot into the life of the Freedmen of the Five Slave Holding Tribes also known as the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole Nations.


My intent is to provide readers and researchers more insight into the politics, culture and general life experienced by the formerly enslaved men, women and children of Indian Territory as they fought their way through the maze of issues that would shape their destiny and the destiny of their descendants today.



October 25, 1906

C. W. Stevenson’s interesting and loyal letter to the “Free Press” regarding the Negro vote.






October 26, 1901
Judge Joseph A. Gill, sitting at Muskogee issues temporary injunction against the Dawes Commission today. No more enrolling of Freedmen not on the roll of 1880, pending the hearing of petition of Cherokee Nation for permanent injunction.


October 28, 1901
Courts decision causes consternation in the Freedmen camp. The decision of Judge Joseph A. Gill, handed down at Muskogee Saturday, to the Dawes Commission will open courts to hearing of Freedmen cases.




October 27, 1911
The Katy hotel a rooming house for Negroes, at Coweta was burned last night. The Negroes are being driven from Coweta and there is talk of burning other undesirable places. 



Wednesday, October 12, 2011

Wordless Wednesday ~ Chickasaw Fathers 1

Despite documentation that clearly illustrates numerous "African-Natives" were enrolled as "freedmen" the Chickasaw Nation remains silent about thousands of Chickasaws who are "Chickasaw by blood." Their exclusion was based on the antebellum custom of determining lineal descent according to an individual's mother only.

This practice by the Dawes Commission with the blessing of the Chickasaw Nation ignored established law that a person's genealogical descent included all of their ancestor's, male and female. 

Senate Document 5013 Vol. 2 p. 1500

The Dawes Commission and Department of the Interior either ignored or were ignorant of established law and used the excuse; "children followed the status of the mother" which allowed the Chickasaw Nation and Commission to violate the United States laws by classifying the children of Chickasaw men as freedmen.

"Descendants, as defined by Bouvier, vol. 1 p550, are those who have issued from an individual, including his children, grandchildren and their children to the remotest degree."

Today the descendant's of these men and women continue to be stigmatized by that decision and the Chickasaw Nation remains silent; why?




































Thursday, October 6, 2011

Tuskahoma Thursday

My initial visit to the Choctaw Council House in 2010 was an educational experience. Most of the time when I visit Oklahoma my interest keep me in the southern part of the state. 

On this particular visit my host Verdie Triplett took me to the Council House among other sites and it was great to visit an area that only existed in history books. Having an opportunity to visit places like Muskogee, Wagnoner, Scullyville, Ft. Coffee and Spiro.

Being on the ground brought home the some of the places where our ancestors lived and fought to be included in the life and culture, before and after their enslavement by the Choctaw Indians.

Photo property of Terry Ligon all rights reserved 2011




Photo property of Terry Ligon all rights reserved 2011





Photo property of Terry Ligon all rights reserved 2011

Council House, also known as the Choctaw Capitol Building, is an historic site in Pushmataha County, Oklahoma two miles north of Tuskahoma, Oklahoma. The Choctaw National Council House is located here, as well as the Old Town Cemetery of Tuskahoma.



Photo property of Terry Ligon all rights reserved 2011


Photo property of Terry Ligon all rights reserved 2011

Chief Pushmataha