Sunday, December 16, 2012

Descendants of slaves owned by Cherokees can sue chief for tribal membership




OKLAHOMA CITY — Descendants of slaves owned by members of the Cherokee Nation can sue the current chief in an attempt to restore their tribal memberships, a federal appeals court ruled Friday.

How is it the resolution of a treaty that their ancestor's agreed to, which involved the human rights to citizenship of people that were enslaved by that nation's citizens; according to their laws constitute the issue being a plague on said nation?

The Five Slave Holding Tribes bought into the system of chattel slavery hook, line and sinker. It was that decision to behave in an uncivilized fashion that will not let this issue rest. If it is a "plague" clearly it is a self inflicted wound that apparently the majority of citizens in the nation today continue to ignore and regard as an issue outside of their purview.

It was the concerted effort of a former chief of the Cherokee Nation that continued the disregard for adhering to a treaty based on their history of enslaving black people. It is the responsibility of present day citizens of the Five Slave Holding Tribes to uphold the conditions of the treaty signed in 1866 and stop the charade of these "Indian Nations" advocating for "Indians only" as citizens.

The idea that this issue is not about the political construct of race is ignoring the facts. Even when you look at the fact the tribes with the help of the Dawes Commission ignored the fact that many so called freedmen possessed "Indian ancestry" and placed them on the so called freedmen roll.


Removing the Freedmen from the tribe was not a racially motivated decision, but one of a tribe’s sovereign ability to determine who is a citizen, Hembree said.“It’s not a race-based situation. It is an identity,” he said. “It’s not asking too much that in order to be a citizen of an Indian tribe, that you be Indian.“We believe that’s very important, and so did the Cherokee people, and we intend on representing their will in this case.”

This decision was emphatically based on having an ancestor who was considered to be of African descent just reinforced the idea that the decision was based on the antebellum notion of "one drop" race theory and not genealogical "science."

When officials today advocate that "Indians" only be citizens of "Indian Tribes" in regards to the Five Slave Holding Tribes, they ignore the fact that the Dawes rolls have included "Inter-married whites as citizens and their descendants as "Indians by blood."

The Dawes rolls as the basis for citizenship in the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole Indian Tribes are flawed, have ignored the historical record that excluded thousands, THOUSANDS of people with Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and in some cases Seminole blood only continues the "plague" visited upon the descendants of the so called Indian Territory freedmen.

For these Five Slave Holding Tribes to continue to hide under the guise that "Indian Tribes" are for Indians only is not compatible to the facts or the history!

http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/appeals-court-descendants-of-slaves-owned-by-cherokees-can-sue-chief-for-tribal-membership/2012/12/14/53f9fa46-4615-11e2-8c8f-fbebf7ccab4e_story.html

Sunday, May 13, 2012

This Week In Indian Territory May 13-19



“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma? 
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”

May 18, 1881: The eastern philanthropists who by the Quaker Commissioners over see the interest of one Indian neighbors have just made the important discovery that the negroes are the only citizens of the U. S. who have by treaty a right to settle on the ceded lands in the territory and parties are now at work in earnest organizing colonies of colored men to colonize Oklahoma


May 18, 1881: An article giving the report of acting commissioner Holcomb on the rights of the Freedmen under existing land laws and Indian treaties to occupy the public lands in the territory.


May 15, 1884: Chickasaw Legislation; Wolf, Jonas (Governor); Fencing Regulation


May 18, 1894: Knights of Pythias, Ardmore organization


May 14, 1897: Payment to Cherokee freedmen by Agent Dickson has been stopped. An army officer will disburse the rest of the money


May 17, 1899: The contents of a letter from Chief S. H. Mayes to Hon. John C. West, relative to an alleged wrong done by the chief in connection with making the Freedmen payment rolls. The chief defends himself and asserts that the accusation is nothing short or an outrage


May 16, 1900: Strong objections have been raised to the bill authorizing the Chickasaw freedmen in the Chickasaw nation to bring suit in the court of claims against the Chickasaw and Choctaw nations and the United States




May 13, 1902: Race Riot in town of Braggs; white men


May 13, 1905: Cherokee Indians; Adopted Whites, Adopted Negroes, land titles, U. S. (Guardian)


May 19, 1907: Explosion at Fort Gibson schools 

Friday, May 11, 2012

This Week In Indian Territory May 06-May 12



“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma?
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”

May 06, 1876: There are now more than 300 colored voters in the Creek Nation who were once slaves in the tribe.


May 08, 1884: Chickasaw Indians; Treaty of 1866


May 08, 1890: Payments; Delaware Indians, Commissioner Wallace, Claude S. Shelton


May 07, 1896: The colored people of the territory are said to be in a most prosperous condition, despite all predictions to the contrary


May 07, 1896: The Freedmen Commission will hold a session at Vinita beginning June 2


May 07, 1903: The decision of the U. S. Supreme Court against the Chickasaw Freedmen to share in the lands of the Chickasaws is given


May 06, 1908: Racial Affairs; Legislation, Intermarriage law