Monday, March 26, 2012

This Week in Indian Territory ~ March 25-31

“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma?
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!”
Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”

Indian Chieftain March 29, 1900 p1c3
March 26, 1879 – Intruders in Cherokee Nation; Williams, Arthur; Duffee, Nathan

March 27, 1884 – (Congressman) Bennett; Legislation prohibiting intermarriage; whites

March 27, 1890 – the Negro question; correspondence; Cochran, Jesse; Scales, J. A.

March 29, 1895 – Cherokee/Delaware Indians; money rights decisions

March 30, 1905 – Editorial; City Council, School Board, Republican Party nominations; Willis, Mr. (Negro); Talliferio, C. T. (Negro).

March 31, 1905 – Legislation: Choctaw/Chickasaw Nations; Minors Enrollment

March 27, 1907 – Muskogee: Fight; United Socialist

March 28, 1907 – Surplus Lands: Freedmen, Creek Indians, Deeds

March 29, 1909 – Race Riot: Hickory Grounds; Negroes, Indians; Militia Sent

March 31, 1911 – About 90 families of Negroes from Okfuskee County have emigrated (sic) to Canada. The Negroes, many of them former teachers in the Old Indian Territory are leaving because of adverse Legislation. “Jim Crow” law and the voting law are the principal causes.
Muskogee Cimeter March 29, 1907 p1c2-3

Wednesday, March 21, 2012

Sunday, March 18, 2012

This Week in Indian Territory ~ March 18-24

“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma?
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” 
Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”

Indian Chieftain March 21, 1895 p2c1
March 21, 1874 – The 14th amendment to the Constitution has made freedmen and not the Indians, citizens of the United States

March 22, 1884 – Chickasaw/Choctaw Indians Appropriations Legislation

March 20, 1890 – The Negroes are not going to take $7.50 for their share in the coming payment nor anything else except $15.50

March 23, 1894 – A campaign against marriages between white and colored people was announced by the “Lexington Leader”, Lexington newspaper

March 21, 1895 – The adopted colored people of the Cherokee Nation will be glad to learn that they have gained their case against the Cherokee Nation and will now receive a share of the strip money. As the decree comes from the Supreme Court

Indian Chieftain March 21, 1895 p2c1 
March 22, 1895 – In the case of the freedmen against the Cherokee Nation, the U. S. court of claims decided that the freedmen are entitled under the Cherokee constitution, to share equally in the common property of the nation. The decision was given by Justice Nott

March 19, 1897 – The freedmen payment will begin at Ft. Gibson Saturday, the agent having been ordered away from Hayden

March 20, 1902 – Enrollment of Freedmen; Creek Indians, “List to Washington.”

March 17, 1904 – An editorial on the Indians dislike for Negroes. The prejudice against the negro is less severe among the Creeks and Seminoles because many of the members of these tribes have negro blood in their veins.

Tuesday, March 13, 2012

This Week in Indian Territory ~ March 11-17


 “How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma?
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” 
Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”

Indian Chieftain March 16, 1899 
March 13, 1890 – The negro citizens are being warned not to take less than what the 1883 per capita payment amounted to ($15.50) for their certificates, or the right of participation in the coming payment. Congress and the Department of the Interior intended to equalize the distribution of funds and passed the $75,000 act with worth considering by the negroes that no effort has been made to beat down and buy the Shawnee and the Delaware claims. They (the negroes) alone are subjected to this treatment

March 13, 1890 – Commissioner Wallace denies the report that he has enrolled 44,570 negroes. However he has applications to admit about nine thousand to citizenship

March 07, 1891 – Immigration protest; The “Guthrie News”, advises against the large influx of Negroes to Logan County

March 11, 1899 – A Negro Colony departed, March 10, for Liberia, Africa. About 30 are from various parts of the territory.

March 11, 1904 – Report on enrollment; Negroes, Indians

Indian Chieftain March 14, 1901 
March 12, 1904 – The house passed a bill removing restriction from citizens in the Creek tribe not of Creek blood. That is giving the freedmen among the Creeks rights to allotments. 5000 of the 15000 allotees (sic) in the Creek Nation are freedmen and are the principal ones affected.

March 13, 1904 – National Republican Convention, negro demand.

March 12, 1902 – Jim Crow sentiment was injected into a senate bill providing for the uniformity of marriage Wednesday. It prohibits the intermarriage of persons of the white and negro races.

March 17, 1904 – An editorial on the Indians dislike for Negroes. The prejudice against the negro is less severe among the Creeks and Seminoles because many of the members of these tribes have negro blood in their veins.

March 14, 1901 – Chief T. M. Buffington has a difficult and delicate task to perform in the appointment of an attorney to represent the nation before the Dawes Commission in making the roll of Cherokee Freedmen.

March 16, 1881Garfield, James A., Inaugural Address and Indian Rights

March 15, 1884 – Substance of an act to adopt the freedmen of the Choctaw Nation, enacted May 21, 1883

Sunday, March 4, 2012

This Week in Indian Territory ~ March 04 – 10


“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma?
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”


March 04, 1886 – The cause of the Cherokee freedmen which J. Milton Turner is representing, received a big boost. This bill is the response to the petition presented by Mr. Turner, asking restitution to the Cherokee freedmen of their share in the $300,000 from which they were debarred because they were not Cherokee by blood

March 06, 1890 – There is an attempt by the Negroes throughout the U.S. to make Oklahoma a Negro state, occupied and governed by Negro people. Agritators (sic) are going about in different states persuading Negro immigration to Oklahoma. At present there are about 25,000 people there and 15,000 of them are Negroes. An attempt will be made to raise the member of the Negro population to forty thousand by the time the census is made

March 08, 1890Oklahoma population

March 05, 1891 – The Negro is asking for a great proportion of our tribal property and all the rights of Cherokee citizenship. These matters are properly in and are part of the political questions before the Cherokee citizens; therefore they are the lawful property of the Cherokee Alliance


Editors Note: It would appear the leaders of the Cherokee Nation having been "fearing" the loss of property and money to the descendants of their former slaves and this fear continues over one hundred years later. Cherokee Freedmen descendant better hunker down, the tribe seems determined not to adhere to the Treaty of 1866 or the United States Constitution.

March 07, 1891 – Immigration protest; The “Guthrie News”, advises against the large influx of Negroes to Logan County

March 01, 1895 – Blackwell prohibiting Negroes

March 04, 1897 – The payment of the Cherokee Freedmen began at Vinita, I. T. on the 23rd, each Freedman entitled to draw $168

March 05, 1897 – The Freedmen payment began at Hayden, I. T., Feb., 19, with Special Agent Dickson as paymaster. Several hundred thousand dollars will be turned loose at this payment and it is expected that 60 days, or nearly that, will be required to complete this work

March 01, 1900 – Forty-two Negro families will leave South McAlester for California.

March 05, 1903 – “The Richest People on Earth” relating to the material wealth of the Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians; and the case now pending in the Court of Claims of the United States which will settle whether or not the Chickasaw Freedmen will receive land under the Chickasaw U. S. Treaty of 1866.

 March 01, 1906 – Creek Nation: Freedmen, Minors land sale

March 02, 1906 – Enrollment: Young Men’s Republican Clubs; Tulsa

March 01, 1908 – Land Sale: Freedmen minor, Creek Nation

March 01, 1908 Guthrie, Feb. 29. Grafters, representing themselves as being interested in the prosecution of the “Jim Crow law”, are defrauding poor Negroes of hard earned money, which they claim will be used for that purpose.