“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma?
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”
May 18, 1894: Knights of Pythias, Ardmore organization
May 17, 1899: The contents of a letter from Chief S. H. Mayes to Hon. John C. West, relative to an alleged wrong done by the chief in connection with making the Freedmen payment rolls. The chief defends himself and asserts that the accusation is nothing short or an outrage
May 13, 1902: Race Riot in town of Braggs; white men
May 13, 1905: Cherokee Indians; Adopted Whites, Adopted Negroes, land titles,