Sunday, March 4, 2018

Nellie CRAWFORD-TAYLOR Chickasaw Freedman #505


CRAWFORD, Nellie
Chickasaw Freedwoman #505
Born circa 1818-1822

                1              Dilsie “DAUBRY”
                2              Nellie CRAWFORD                    b: January 1822
                                3              Sephronia TAYLOR          b. unknown  deceased as of 1898 aka “Fronie”
                                3              Robert TAYLOR                b: 1839 in Indian Territory
                                3              John TAYLOR                        b: April 1842 in Indian Territory,
                                3              Eliza LOVE                                b: 1846 in Indian Territory
                                3              Maria TAYLOR                 b: 1853 in Indian Territory
                                3              Sally TAYLOR                     b: September 1859 in Indian Territory
                                3              Lou TAYLOR                         b: 1860 in Indian Territory
                                3              Mose TAYLOR                    b: December 1860
                                3              Rosa TAYLOR                     b: 1866 in Indian Territory

I have been hesitating on writing about this ancestor for numerous reasons. My hesitation is due to the numerous people who have a connection to this matriarch and may not respond well to my comments and my desire to see an accurate record established for future generations.

Because there appeared to be a lot of information about Nellie TAYLOR nee CRAWFORD I took some time to search through many of the family trees posted. I was struck by the information  about Nellie and sourcing of that information. I’ve learned from attending many African American Genealogical Society of Northern California meetings  and a conference here and there that you must perform your own due diligence when it comes to genealogical research.

As I began looking at the family trees on Ancestry I was struck by the similarity of the information when it came to birth and death information but I could not find one source for the information other than the age given on Nellie’s Chickasaw Freedmen Dawes card #505. Again, drawing on my experience with genealogy research and the Dawes records I tend to take everything with a grain of salt until I can verify for myself the information is accurate. With the information about Nellie I was always uncomfortable about things that had “dubious sourcing.”

Land Allotment Application #2066 TAYLOR, Nellie p14
Some of the things that stood out to me were the birth, birthplace and death of Nellie’s parents Sam and Dilsie CRAWFORD. In most of the trees they provided birth and dates of death that I had not known and was unable to confirm. Granted someone could have come up with a page in a bible or a document from the last slave owner or even found an obituary in a newspaper but none of those sources were ever noted in the trees but the information was provided and it is apparent to me, when other people who share Nellie as an ancestor saw this information they just copied and pasted it without questioning the source or accuracy.

Case in point is the date of death for Nellie. Some of the trees has her death in 1902, some had her deceased by December of 1903; however not one of them provided a document to support the claim and I hope by writing about Nellie now, someone will provide that information because I would like to know what is correct.

I dismissed anyone who has her death in 1902 because it was a simple task of looking into her application for a land allotment. Nellie appointed her son Mose TAYLOR with power of attorney to conduct her business and secure her land allotment in November of 1903, clearly discounting her death in 1902. By December 2, 1903 Mose submitted that affidavit as his mother’s power of attorney to the Dawes Commission and appears to have secured her land allotment.

Typically if an individual dies before receiving their land allotment certificate from the Dawes Commission there would be some type of notation on their Dawes Card and there are no such notations on Nellie’s card.
Chickasaw Freedman Card #505 front TAYLOR, Nellie
Look, I don’t know when Nellie TAYLOR died but to date, I don’t have any concrete information indicating when she did. I do know from the previously stated facts and the 1900 United States Census she was alive and living with her daughter Sallie ANDERSON and family. On that same census page is her son Mose who had the power of attorney mentioned previously.

This particular census page is significant because it provides a snapshot of the extended family that was living in Akers Township, in the community of Woodford, Indian Territory at the turn of the century. It also illustrates how women like Nellie became the matriarchs to many other families as her children began intermarrying with other Chickasaw Freedmen and their descendants that included ABRAM, ANDERSON, CLAY, JACKSON, LIGON, PERRY, PICKENS and ROBERTS just to name a few. It is because of all of these familial ties I hope to get more information about not only this ancestor but all of them as possible so people will not continue to post “inaccurate” information.

1900 US Census Township 3 South, Range 1 West; E.D. 168, p13B


1 comment:

  1. I share your frustration at trees that just repeat information without giving any source.

    ReplyDelete