Ebony 2008 Marilyn Vann
This is the same man that stated slaves were forced on the Cherokee people, yet even my son’s history book continues the myth that the Five Slave Holding Tribes were just “farmers” when they were forced to “remove” to Indian Territory now present day Oklahoma.
Don’t get me wrong, there are plenty of issues Native Americans have to argue concerning their treatment by the United States, you will get no argument here, but for three representatives from the Five Slave Holding Tribes to be present at this reading of the “apology” bill screams of hypocrisy!
For the record, the Cherokee, Creek (Muscogee) and Choctaw nations to “force” themselves in this ceremony with “The Chief Who Shall be Named Today” Chad Smith; as the mouth piece for reconciliation is beyond belief. One has too ask how much did these three tribes pay to get in front of a camera to talk about; ““Storytelling is a valued tradition in Native American heritage and coupled with an opportunity to relive Cherokee history on these revered grounds was a tremendous experience for guests,” added Chief Smith. “The Congressional Cemetery provided for a unique setting where visitors were immersed in traditional stories and historical accounts regarding the Native American people.”
The Cherokee Nation fought on the side of the Confederacy and were required to enter into treaty agreements that abolished slavery in their so called “sovereign nations” AND adopt their former slaves as citizens in 1866. To the credit of the leaders at that time, they adopted ALL freedmen and their descendants in 1863 and reinforced that act by the langugae of the 1866 Treaty. I know that may never come up in a traditional story telling event like the one held in D.C., but keep hope alive!
Clearly McDermott and Brownback may have written their legislation with all the good intentions it deserves but I must say to have representatives of five Indian Nations present and three of the five representatives of the Five Slave Holding Tribes is a remarkable feat of ignorance on their part.
Jet Magazine 2009 Congresswoman Diane Watson
To show you how out of touch these two congressmen were about the history of the Five Slave Holding Tribes are this part of the article just blows me away:
“Prior to A Time of Rededication and Story-Telling event there was an official presentation and reading of The Resolution of Apology to Native Peoples by Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS) and Rep. Jim McDermott (D-WA), co-hosts of the day’s events and co-authors of the resolution, which took place in the Congressional Cemetery chapel.
The Resolution of Apology to Native Peoples cites seven key acknowledgment and apology points including one that apologizes on behalf of the people of the United States to all Native Peoples for the many instances of violence, maltreatment and neglect inflicted on Native Peoples by citizens of the United States.
There is no way on God’s green earth the representatives from the Cherokee, Choctaw and Creek tribes could keep a straight face when they heard “the many instances of VIOLENCE, MALTREATMENT AND NEGLECT INFLICTED ON NATIVE PEOPLES BY CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES” and not understand what their so called traditional sovereign nations did too people of African and African-Native descent who were enslaved in their nations and suffered VIOLENCE, MALTREATMENT AND NEGLECT INFLICTED ON BLACK PEOPLES OF THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES.
Ebony 2008 photo of Verdie Triplett
Just like there is a record of the trials and tribulations of Native People at the hands of the United States, these five tribes have some serious blood on their hands figuratively and factually! Instead of attempts at reconciliation these five tribes are attempting to hide, ignore and obfuscate their own sordid history so they can continue receiving enormous preferential funding based on their suffering at the hands of the United States. Must I remind you slaves in the United States and Indian Territory were not involved in their maltreatment, but can they say their tribes were not complicit in the maltreatment of African and African Native people?
For more on this subject I hope these links are still good:
A nation divided
Kenneth J. Cooper
March 8, 2007 — Vol. 42, No. 30
Kenneth J. Cooper, a Pulitzer Prize winner, is a freelance journalist based in Boston.
16 Offspring of Slaves Owned By Cherokees Seek Damages
Published: June 22, 1984
An Unjust Expulsion
NEW YORK TIMES
Published: March 8, 2007
The Cherokee Nations decision to revoke the tribal citizenship of about
2,800 descendants of slaves once owned by the tribe is a moral low point in modern Cherokee history and places the tribe in violation of a