Sunday, March 18, 2012

This Week in Indian Territory ~ March 18-24

“How much Negro wealth went into the building of Oklahoma?
It is only exceeded by the sweat, toil, and tears of … slaves’ free labor of more than 250 years!” 
Buck Franklin COLBERT, “My Life and an Era”

Indian Chieftain March 21, 1895 p2c1
March 21, 1874 – The 14th amendment to the Constitution has made freedmen and not the Indians, citizens of the United States

March 22, 1884 – Chickasaw/Choctaw Indians Appropriations Legislation

March 20, 1890 – The Negroes are not going to take $7.50 for their share in the coming payment nor anything else except $15.50

March 23, 1894 – A campaign against marriages between white and colored people was announced by the “Lexington Leader”, Lexington newspaper

March 21, 1895 – The adopted colored people of the Cherokee Nation will be glad to learn that they have gained their case against the Cherokee Nation and will now receive a share of the strip money. As the decree comes from the Supreme Court

Indian Chieftain March 21, 1895 p2c1 
March 22, 1895 – In the case of the freedmen against the Cherokee Nation, the U. S. court of claims decided that the freedmen are entitled under the Cherokee constitution, to share equally in the common property of the nation. The decision was given by Justice Nott

March 19, 1897 – The freedmen payment will begin at Ft. Gibson Saturday, the agent having been ordered away from Hayden

March 20, 1902 – Enrollment of Freedmen; Creek Indians, “List to Washington.”

March 17, 1904 – An editorial on the Indians dislike for Negroes. The prejudice against the negro is less severe among the Creeks and Seminoles because many of the members of these tribes have negro blood in their veins.

1 comment:

  1. Very interesting, Terry.

    But historically speaking, the March 21, 1874 clip doesn't make sense, and legally, shouldn't make sense at all.

    The rights allotted to the people of the United States would have to be granted to those living within that country at the time of ratification. As Freedmen weren't citizens during the period of the Trail of Tears, nor the Civil War, and living in Indian Territory during the passing of the post-Civil War Amendments (the 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments), the amendments shouldn't apply, because Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) was not part of the United States of America.

    That would be the basis on why the Commissioners doing the interviews in the Dawes packets ask if the applicants have moved to or lived in Texas, as that would be Entering and residing in the United States. Until 1907, Indian Territory was treated as a separate country, and that is why the Treaties of 1867 were made in parallel to the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to grant the Freedmen the rights, including citizenship, to the FCT.

    So that doesn't make sense at all.