Monday, February 5, 2018

King BLUE, Chickasaw Freedman #135

Indian Territory History is Black History. Lest We Omit!
 King BLUE, Chickasaw Freedman #135

The former slaves of the Chickasaw Indians once emancipated by the Treaty of 1866 had an adversarial relationship with their former enslavers, especially when it came to the issue of their adoption as citizens within the nation of their birth.

1896 Map Chickasaw Nation, Stonewall, Indian Territory
 The former slaves formed political organizations and appointed people to represent their concerns before Congress in Washington, D.C. and one of those individuals was King BLUE. BLUE who was enslaved by Benjamin COLBERT; a member of the large slave holding COLBERT family of Chickasaws

King BLUE lived in Pontotoc County in the Stonewall area that was the center of a lot of freedmen leaders and political activity because it served as the site of the Chickasaw Nation capitol of Ada, Indian Territory.

It is important to remember following the War of the Rebellion the Chickasaw Indians did not adopt their former slaves and the United States did not negotiate terms with the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations that made it mandatory to adopt them as citizens on the same terms that the Cherokee, Creek and Seminole Nations.

“They were supposedly free men, but they were without equal rights and privileges, including those of property ownership and educational facilities.”[i]

Indian Journal January 11, 1883 page 1, column 1-2

Chickasaw Freedman Card #135 front, King BLUE
The information contained in this summary of King BLUE’S interview reveals his sister in law who was enumerated on Chickasaw Freedman Card #136 and was married to a United States soldier by the name of Beverly PEREA. I have suspected that some of the leading men in the Chickasaw and Choctaw community may have served as soldiers. Presently I don’t have any concrete information about King BLUE serving but I would not be surprised if he had.

I have looked at a Chickasaw index for people with the surname of BLUE and found at least sixty-six individuals; including King BLUE. It would be good for someone who descends from this man to look at those Dawes cards and determine the family ties to King BLUE. I imagine the first step would be is to determine the name of King BLUE’S wife who was not enumerated on the same card with him and there is no information about her death.

  • Jack BLUE & Louisa BLUE (parents)
    • King BLUE CHIF#135
      • Wife Elizabeth BLUE non-citizen
    • Tony BLUE CHIF#108
      • Wife Mimey or Winney BLUE nee  McGEE (her father was listed as a Choctaw Indian)
  • Did King and Tony BLUE have other siblings?
  • Were they enumerated as Chickasaw or Choctaw Freedmen?
  • Were they politically active in the community for the rights of Chickasaw and Choctaw Freedmen?·
These questions will only be answered from the dedicated contributions to the research and preservation of the Chickasaw and Choctaw freedmen.

I will suggest one method of performing this task is look at Dawes cards generally near the ancestor you locate in the M1186 files. Based on my research a lot of freedmen tended to file for their land allotment at the same time which like in this case, the sister of King BLUES wife was enumerated on Dawes card #136. This was done in my opinion to support each other to verify their status as a former slave in the nation and who was their enslaver. 

M1301 #135 King BLUE page2


[i] The Chickasaw Freedmen a People Without a Country, by Dr. Daniel F. Littlefield, Jr. p61

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